Sunday, May 07, 2006

Congenital Heart Disease (CHD)

Very often we come across a question, What is Congenital Heart Disease ?, What are the reasons for Congeital Heart Disease ? and a few more. I'm trying to answer a few of these, if any one would want to know more, please feel free to post your questions in comments section. I'll try to answer or get the right answer for from the right sources.

What is Congenital Heart Disease ?
Congenital heart disease is the abnormality of the heart present from birth. It is the most common and important form of heart disease in the early years of life and is present in about 0.5% of newborn children.

Congenital Heart Disease is normally found in ?
This form of heart disease is normally noticed in the early years of life and is present in about 0.5% of newborn children. The incidence is higher in premature infants.

What are the causes of Congenital Heart Disease ?
The cause of congenital heart disease is unknown in most of the cases. It is attributed to multifactorial inheritance involving genetic and environmental influences.

Any other factors, which may result in Congenital Heart Disease ?
Other factors like rubella virus infection to the mother during pregnancy, drugs taken by the mother anf heavy alcohol drinking by the momther have all been implicated in causing utero injury resulting in congenital malformations of the heart.

Are there any ways of classifying Congeital Heart Disease ?
There are many ways of Classifying CHD:
1> Malformations of the Heart,
2> Shunts ( Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease),
3>Obstructions ( obstructive congenital heart disease).